A dysgnathia (malocclusion) is an abnormal development that manifests itself as a pure malposition of the teeth or is characterised by an incorrect position of the jaws in relation to each other or to the rest of the skull.
We distinguish between congenital and acquired dysgnathia.
In our practice in Berlin Mitte, patients with congenital malocclusions, which are due to genetic predispositions, often introduce themselves. Such dysgnathies often develop in the course of the physical growth phase before puberty due to disorders of jaw growth.
As a result of this maldevelopment, the jaws meet incorrectly or the jaws are located incorrectly in the skull itself. In this case we speak of a skeletal dysgnathia. If, on the other hand, it is a pure malposition of the teeth, it is a dental dysgnathia.
In addition to the disorders of jaw growth, there are a number of other reasons that can lead to a malposition of the jaw. By an acquired dysgnathia we mean malocclusions caused by habits or external influences.
Habits and external influences include, for example:
Often no concrete cause can be determined and the dysgnathia develops only very gradually over a long period of time. Among the more exactly comprehensible reasons are for example concrete injuries, such as a fracture of the jaw as a result of an accident. Occasionally there are also injuries during the child’s growth phase, which can lead to a misalignment.
The malposition of the jaw shows very different degrees of expression and variations. The outwardly easily recognisable signs include various positions of the chin, including a clear forward inclination or a drop to the rear. Also a protrusion of the upper jaw and a hardly possible lip closure are conceivable.
In the majority of cases, dysgnathia must be treated. Self-healing does not take place. Dysgnathia is only rarely a purely aesthetic problem, but leads far more frequently to significant impairment of the chewing function and to health problems. Patients with malocclusion often show a more difficult lip closure or other symptoms, including pain in the head and neck area, as well as problems with the masticatory apparatus and cracking temporomandibular joints in places. In many cases there are also speech disorders and considerable muscular tensions emanating from the temporomandibular joints. In addition, chronic pain due to premature wear and tear of the temporomandibular joints is also known. Gastro-intestinal diseases or nocturnal breathing difficulties (snoring, sleep apnea) can also be caused by sygnathia. Facial expression is also frequently affected by dysgnathia and thus influences the harmony of facial expression.
Malpositions, which are mainly limited to the area of the teeth, can usually be treated in the form of orthodontic therapy. If, on the other hand, the jaw itself is involved, only an operative, maxillofacial adjustment procedure can be considered.
With surgery, we achieve optimal results in terms of function and aesthetics. Shortly after the operation you will notice a positive change in facial aesthetics and you will be able to chew and breathe better, which will have a positive effect on your overall physical health.
Over the years, we have cared for numerous patients in our practice and successfully treated them surgically on the upper and lower jaws.
Thanks to the most modern surgical methods and intensive and computer-assisted planning and execution of operations, dysgnathia treatment in our clinic is a safe and gentle procedure and is also recommended for patients at an advanced age. You will be able to open your mouth again shortly after the operation. The intake of soft food and dental care are also possible without any problems.
After the operation, a close follow-up care of several months is carried out. For approx. six weeks after the operation you may only eat soft food. Pay attention to very good oral hygiene. You must avoid heavy physical exertion. Smoking is not encouraged in the first weeks after the operation. The orthodontic fine adjustment begins a few weeks after the operation. Approximately six months after the operation, the metal is removed.
Duration of operation: 1-4 hours
Anesthesia: General anesthesia
Ability to work: after 14-21 days
Wound healing: 14 days
Costs: for planning (model production/model simulation/splint production)
We will be happy to advise you on dysgnathy therapy options in our practice for oral and maxillofacial surgery and look forward to hearing from you.
Specialist for oral and maxillofacial surgery
plastic and aesthetic operations
– Focus of activities: implantology –
(Entrance Mohrenstraße 17)
Mo. to Thu.:
08:00 – 18:00 o’clock
Friday by arrangement
Phone: +49 (0) 30 / 84 52 48 88
Appointment: arrange here